The website that we lovebeetroot.co.uk says the vegetable became popular in the Roman times and it was used to treat fever, wounds,constipation, skin problems – and was used as an aphrodisiac.
Most of beetroot on sale is round and red, but white, yellow and stripey versions are also available.
It is the rooted vegetable which is related to the Swedes, turnips, and for the sugar beet. Whilst the beetroot has a sweet taste, its leaves (which are also edible) bitter to taste it.
Beetroot has been featured in so many recipes from top chefs including Jamie Oliver and Heston Blumenthal.
The red colour of the beetroot can be extracted and used as a natural food colourant. It has the ‘E’ number E162.
. The leaves of beetroot are rich source of iron, Calcium, vitamin C and beta – carotene.
Beetroot for blood pressure management:
Researchers that have known for some time that the juice may help in decreasing blood pressure due to its naturally occurring nitrate content. Nitrates are also found in the vegetables, fruits and then processed for meats.
Beetroot for the brain and dementia:
Blood flow studies have been shown drinking juice of beetroot will increases blood flow to the brain for a short while in older people. Maintaining good blood circulation to the brain is associated with a reduced risk of vascular dementia, one of the main causes of dementia.
Nitrates in the food that we eat and we drink can be converted into nitrites by the bacteria in our mouth. We then swallow these nitrites in the form saliva, which when absorbed into our body help in dilate (widen) arteries, increasing the blood flow and then supplying the oxygen which is needed and then demanded by the body cells.
. Anthocyanins, the BDA says, can help with the recovery from the stress of the exercise during training and also competition as well as helping to counter the effects of pollution on the body.
Beetroot side effects:
. It can turn urine into pink colour, which can be mistaken for blood in urine. It may be also alter to the colour of your poo – which can be used to give you a good idea of how quickly the food moves through your body.
Kidney stones are also painful stones made sometimes from the calcium oxalate. If you can suffer from the renal oxalate stones, make sure you drink plenty of the fluid (not coffee) and then cut down on dietary oxalates from the green leafy vegetables (including beetroot leaves), rhubarb,cashews, chocolate, and then peanuts.
Population studies which across countries that show that a high intake of the fruits and then vegetables (at least 5-a-day) helps in manage blood pressure and may reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. Eating a variety of vegetables and fruits is the best for health benefits.
Nitrites – formed in our saliva by the mouth bacteria working on the nitrates – can interact with the dietary protein in the stomach to potentially which make substances called the nitrosamines. The majority of nitrosamines are carcinogenic (cancer causing) in the animals and this is likely to be similar in the humans. Research that has not been done to show whether taking nitrate-rich vegetable drinks long term is then safe in terms of nitrosamine levels with a high nitrate of diet.
Vitamin C is the rich foods may help in reducing nitrosamine formation.
In summary, eating a diet which is rich in fruits and vegetables that can provides you with nitrates and other substances that help in reducing blood pressure and can lowers your risk of heart disease. Taking of high dose nitrate drinks has been shown in the research studies to have short-acting benefits on the blood pressure and improved blood flow, but the safety of the concentrated-nitrate foods and can drinks taken regularly over a number of years has yet to be proven.
You need your mouth bacteria to make the essential conversion of nitrates into the form of nitrites. But remember if you use a mouthwash you kill off mouth bacteria that cause tooth decay – but also stop dietary nitrates from being converted into the nitrites that have the blood-pressure which is lowering effect.